Biology

Biology Senior Phase

S4 - S6

 

BIOLOGY & HUMAN BIOLOGY

 

ADVANCED HIGHER BIOLOGY

 

Course Description

All units builds on understanding of the genome from Higher Biology and Higher Human Biology.

 

Cells and Proteins

Learners will develop knowledge and understanding of proteomics, protein structure, binding and conformational change; membrane proteins; detecting and amplifying a stimulus; communication within multicellular organism and protein control of cell division. The study of protein is primarily a laboratory-based activity, so the Unit includes important laboratory techniques for biologists.

 

Organisms and Evolution 

Learners will develop knowledge and understanding of evolution; variation and sexual reproduction; sex and behaviour and parasitism. It covers the role of sexual reproduction and parasitism in the evolution of organisms. Biological variation is a central concept in this Unit and is best observed in the natural environment.

 

Investigative Biology

will develop knowledge and understanding of the principles and practice of investigative biology and its communication. The Unit covers scientific principles and processes, experimentation and critical evaluation of biological research.

 

HIGHER BIOLOGY

Course Description

 

DNA and the Genome

In this unit, learners will develop knowledge through study of DNA and the genome. The Unit covers the key areas of structure and replication of DNA, gene expression, and the genome. This Unit explores the molecular basis of evolution and biodiversity, while the unity of life is emphasised in the study of gene expression. This approach enables the development of both analytical thinking and problem solving skills in context. An understanding of gene expression, at the cellular level, leads to the study of differentiation in organisms. In addition, the Unit covers the evolution and structure of the genome and genomics, including personal genomics.

 

Metabolism and Survival

In this unit, learners will develop knowledge by investigating the central metabolic pathways of ATP synthesis by respiration and how control of the pathways is essential to cell survival. The Unit covers the key areas of metabolisms as essential for life, maintaining metabolism, and metabolism in microorganisms. Analytical thinking and problem solving skills will be developed in context, through investigation of how cellular respiration is fundamental to metabolism and by examining the stages of respiration. In whole organisms, it considers adaptations for the maintenance of metabolism for survival. In addition, it examines the importance of the manipulation of metabolism in microorganisms, both in the laboratory and in industry, including ethical considerations.

 

Sustainability and Interdependence

In this Unit, learners will develop knowledge by investigating how humans depend on sufficient and sustainable food production from a narrow range of crop and livestock species, focusing on photosynthesis in plants. The Unit covers the key areas of the science of food production, interrelationships and dependence, and biodiversity. Analytical thinking and problem solving skills will be developed  contextually within these topics. The importance of plant productivity and the manipulation of genetic diversity to maintain food security are emphasised. The Unit also covers interrelationships and dependence, through symbiosis and social behaviour. By studying biodiversity, the Unit attempts to measure, catalogue, understand and address the human impact, including mass extinction.

 

 

 

HIGHER Human Biology

 

Course Description

 

Human Cells

In this unit, learners will develop knowledge and understanding through studying stem cells, differentiation in somatic and germline cells, and the research and therapeutic value of stem cells and cancer cells. The Unit covers the key areas of division and differentiation in human cells, structure and function of DNA, gene expression and the genome. Analytical thinking and problem solving skills will be developed in context, through investigation of DNA, the expression of the genotype, and protein production, which allows study of mutations and genetic disorders. DNA technology is covered, including sequencing and medical and forensic applications. In addition, the Unit covers metabolic pathways and their control, through enzymes, with emphasis on cellular respiration and the role of ATP.

 

Physiology and Health

In this unit, learners will develop knowledge and understanding by focusing on the key areas of reproduction and the cardiovascular system. By studying these systems, learners will be able to develop their problem solving and analytical thinking skills. Reproduction covers hormonal control and the biology of controlling fertility, including fertile periods, treatments for infertility, contraception, ante-natal care and post-natal screening. The Unit also covers relevant tissues and circulation and the pathology of cardiovascular disease, including the impact on society and personal lifestyle.

 

Neurobiology and Communication

In this unit, learners will develop knowledge and understanding through the key areas of the nervous system and communication and social behaviour. The approach is more on function than structure, and covers neural communication and the links between neurotransmitters and behour, while considering personal and social citizenship. This approach enables the development of both analytical thinking and problem solving skills in context.

 

 

NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY

 

Course Description

 

Cell Biology

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of cell biology. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy.

The areas covered are: cell structure; transport across cell membranes; producing new cells; DNA and the production of proteins; proteins and enzymes; genetic engineering; photosynthesis and respiration.

 

Multicellular Organisms

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of multicellular organisms. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy.

The areas covered are: cells, tissues and organs; stem cells and meristems; control and communication; reproduction, variation and inheritance; the need for transport and effects of life-style choices on animal transport and exchange systems.

 

Life on Earth

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of life on Earth. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy.

The areas covered are: biodiversity and the distribution of life; energy in ecosystems; sampling techniques and measurement of abiotic and biotic factors; adaptation, natural selection and the evolution of species and human impact on the environment.

 

NATIONAL 3/4 BIOLOGY

 

Course Description

 

Cell Biology

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of cell biology. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy. The key areas covered are: cell division and its role in growth and repair, DNA, genes and chromosomes, therapeutic use of cells, properties of enzymes and use in industries, properties of microorganisms and use in industries, photosynthesis — limiting factors, factors affecting respiration, and controversial biological procedures.

 

Multicellular Organisms

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of multicellular organisms. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy. The key areas covered are: sexual and asexual reproduction and their importance for survival of species, propagating and growing plants, commercial use of plants, genetic information, growth and development of different organisms, and biological actions in response to internal and external changes to maintain stable body conditions.

 

Life on Earth

In this unit, learners will develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding in the context of life on Earth. Learners will research issues and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy. The key areas covered are how animal and plants species depend on each other, impact of population growth and natural hazards on biodiversity, nitrogen cycle, fertiliser design and environmental impact of fertilisers, adaptations for survival, and learned behaviour in response to stimuli linked to species survival.

 

Biology - Useful Websites

 

SQA parent guide can be found on their website Nutshell series.

http://www.npfs.org.uk/nationals-in-a-nutshell

 

Flashcards

Tiny cards is an electronic version

https://tinycards.duolingo.com

 

SQA

For our senior school the most important website is the SQA for all information regarding course work, assessment and past papers /marking instructions.

https://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/70972.html

 

Scholar (Higher and Advanced Higher only)

Course material and short electronic assessments

https://scholar.hw.ac.uk

 

BBC Bitesize – Scotland

Provides information at a basic level for our courses north of the border. However, these is useful science to be accessed on the Bitesize GCSE sites, just be careful our Scottish content can be different.

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize

  

QUIZLET
Interactive revision of key terminology.

Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything. Start learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools

https://quizlet.com/en-gb

 

Edubuzz

This is an eTextbook for the National 4 and National 5 Biology Course. On here you will find notes for each of the topics to assist your learning, and links to lots of other resources as well. 

http://nat4biopl.edubuzz.org

http://nat5biopl.edubuzz.org

Subcategories